India is a country known for its vast land mass and highest diversity. To be able to run a standard administration is not just difficult is also nearly impossible. There have been various pivotal systems and trials implemented over decades to standardize the administration and governance across nation, however, its success is below 50% due to redundant methods and mechanisms, traditional bureaucratic hurdles and inefficient resources. Thereby, it is imperative to upgrade and rejuvenate the governance mechanism to latest technologies such as Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence is a combination of human brains with machine automation. The ability to exercise and execute the data, process it and apply logical to provide analytical,logical and automated results makes AI the most sort after technology to be implemented in organizations. Governing bodies such as Law Enforcement, Education, Discharge of government functions (other verticals), Judicial decision-making and Defense etc., may see great benefits by implementing AI in their regular operations; reduces manpower, hardware, software expenses add to the list of indirect benefits. AI of various types are used for various uses- Reactive Machines (limited memory and nil historic references), Limited Memory (observatory record on limited memory), Theory of minds (built to beliefs, desires and intentions that impact the decisions), Self-Aware (sense of self) the last two categories are still underway and likely impossible to achieve, however the first two categories are of immense importance in the given times. These types of AIs’ are incorporated for Automation, Machine Learning, Machine Vision, Natural Language Processing, Robotics etc.
By applying AI, healthcare sector has already leaped into a futuristic solution. The best bet is to improve patients’ outcome and reduce costs by applying Machine Learning. Companies are achieving better and faster diagnosis as compared to human doctors. The system mines data to form a hypothesis, which is then presented with a confidence scoring schema. Similarly, ‘chatbots’- a coded computer program is used to answer questions online and assist customers, to help schedule follow-up appointments or aid patients through the billing process, and virtual health assistants that provide basic medical feedback.
AI assists in automated grading, giving educators more time at institutes. Student assessment allows AI to adapt to their needs, helping them work at their own pace. AI tutors provide additional support to students, helping them to focus on the goal. AI is also used to suggest where and how students learn, perhaps even replacing some teachers.
Application for stock market, loans, investments etc., are AI used for various financial institute as solutions. Banking, financial, securities and insurance are leading on AI backed solutions, allowing the user to define and determine their wealth and manage in the most efficient way. Applications from banks use personal data and provide suitable range of solutions applicable to suit an individual looking for a financial assistance.
The discovery process, sifting through the documents, scanning for right file; in law is often overwhelming for humans. Automating this process is a more efficient use of time. companies are also building ‘question-and-answer’ computer assistants that can sift ‘programmed-to-answer’ questions by examining the taxonomy and ontology (concepts and categories) associated with a database.
The use of AI in journalism is gaining steam and, at this early stage, newsrooms are still looking at how the tools can be used to help reporters tell deeper stories. Automated journalism is already helping create news articles and enhance storytelling (Washington Post - has its own AI bot, known as Heliograf). The application of AI in the highly time-sensitive, competitive and tight-margin business of news and journalism is starting to speed up.
Therefore, it is evident that Artificial intelligence is being applied to many different industries and is here to retain its “leading technology” categories for years to come. AI is currently being put to good use generating weather reports, financial industry summarizations, coverage of highly regional or local news and events, sporting event summaries, and other information that involves numerical information. AI systems can quantify that information and turn it into natural language text that's human readable. Predictive analysis, Speech and Facial Recognition, Decision Making, Student Services, Student Progress Monitoring, Personalized Learning, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance are some of the prime factors to be considered that are vital to achieve good governance.